Roofing involves the repair or replacement of any type of roof for different structures. Always make sure to utilize the highly recommended roofing material which considers the material’s cost, appearance, longevity, and structural issues.
Here are roofing materials to consider whenever your roof needs a replacement:
Among the least expensive roofs is the flat roofing material. This is recommended for low-sloped residential roofs. Rolled roofing is made up of asphalt-impregnated and mineral-impregnated material in long rolls that has mineral granules on top.
Pros of Rolled Roofing
Asphalt rolled roofing is advantageous because of its low price. You will only spend a minimal amount when it comes to the material and the costs for installation. It can be a wonderful choice whenever you want to install a new roof on your commercial building and you don’t have that much cash. However, since the cost is low, the product has a shorter lifespan compared to other products.
- Can be installed immediately
Asphalt rolled roofing is highly beneficial as people can have it installed quickly. In case your building is commercialized, you will definitely want to have the roof installed immediately so that there will be minimal disruption to clients, customers, or tenants who need to enter and exit the building. It can be really easy to roll out this roof as it is one of the kinds of commercial roofs that is easy to install. Even if there may be variances in the time based on the roof’s shape and size, most of the roofs may get installed within just a day.
Ease of Installation and Repairs
The third benefit for asphalt rolled roofing is that it is easy to install and repair. Tar is laid down and then sheets of asphalt are installed over the tar. If a repair is needed, tar is placed over the cracked or peeling sheet and a new sheet is rolled out over that. When you need a new asphalt rolled roof, a new layer of roofing can be rolled out over your existing layer of asphalt rolled roof. All in all, this makes it easy and convenient to have a new roof or roof repairs made.
Cons of Rolled Roofing
Issues in the Seam
Since it is a product that gets rolled out then stuck to each other at the seams, it usually experiences problems at places where the rolls join together. It can increase the need for maintenance and repairs over the product’s lifespan.
Shorter Life Expectancy
In comparison to other kinds of roofing, it does not have a life expectancy that is long. Oftentimes, you can only get around a decade out of rolled roofing products and you will need to have it replaced afterwards.
Asphalt Composite Shingles
These have a base composed of fiberglass and is topped with mineral and asphalt granules. They often come with a warranty of two to three decades and these individual shingles are easy to replace. Composite shingles are great at adapting and flexing to the movements of the roof because of its contraction and expansion.
Pros of Asphalt Composite Shingles
- It can be affordable to purchase asphalt shingles as of the moment
- These shingles can work well on any structure with a slope that is steep.
- Because of their versatility, they can easily adapt to a variety of applications.
- There is no need for any specialized accessory so this roofing material may get installed easily. Since this is the case, the installation cost is also minimal.
- This only needs maintenance at a minimum and people can walk on them without making any damages.
- You don’t need any specialized accessories when it comes to the roof edges, wall termination, and chimney or vent flashings.
- Despite asphalt not being a light material, asphalt roof shingles are lightweight and compatible with numerous types of roofs.
- These come in various prices, sizes, and colors.
- It may become quite easy to repair roofs that have composite shingles.
Cons of Asphalt Composite Shingles
- Asphalt roof shingles may get damaged because of heat and can transfer the solar heat inside the home.
- Shingles can be highly susceptible to damage from strong winds and these can easily tear off or uplift the shingles.
- Depending on the kind of shingle, metal, slate, and tile can easily outlast asphalt roof as they last for an average of 23 years.
- Because of the excess moisture that is pooled in the roof’s shady areas because of mildew problems, it may easily damage the shingles.
The EPDM Rubber Roofing
This roofing material is similar to rubber and can be a liner to artificial ponds. It is also recommended for homes that have a pitch that is very low or flat. Included in the most recommended membranes is the EPDM which is a synthetic roofing material that people often refer to as the “rubber roofing.” It is the same as the rolled asphalt roofing since it gets applied in enormous sheets are capable of limiting the amount of seams where water could infiltrate.
Pros of The EPDM Rubber Roofing
- Rubber roofing cannot rely on gravity similarly to traditional shingles which is why it is great for low pitched or flat roofs.
- Since you may buy it in sheets of 50 feet, you may create it without seams and allow the whole roof to become wrapped.
- It can shift with the home as it eventually settles.
- Since EPDM came from recycled materials, this is also friendly to the environment.
- With rubber being waterproof, it can be wonderful in keeping the water away from the house.
- EPDM is also capable of reflecting heat and minimize the cost for cooling during the summer so it can be economically friendly. It can also become an insulator to minimize the heating costs during winter.
- People can have repairs completed inexpensively and in a simple way that even homeowners can do on their own.
- Rubberized roofs can last for a long time, around three to five decades, before there is any need for replacement. These can hold up pretty well against fire, water, and wind. Since it is also UV and ozone stable, it can also be nonperishable.
- In comparison to cedar and slate, rubber weighs so much less so roofers have a better advantage in hauling and installing the materials on the roof.
- Roofing shingles in rubber can be available in various colors and textures that homeowners have the option to keep the traditional roof’s look and maintain the benefits of rubber.
Cons of The EPDM Rubber Roofing
- There are numerous roofers that claim to be well experienced in the installation of rubber roofs even if they only did it several times or was only able to undergo training as a special certification is not required for people to access these materials in any regular supply store. Whenever the rubber roof is not installed properly, it will leak from the first day.
- Stack lines, chimneys, and HVAC units may create an added threat to the rubber roof’s integrity as these are places where you may eventually see leaks that you would have to reseal.
- Since rubber is not indestructible, it may easily get damaged by foot traffic, satellite dish, or falling branch. However, even if it can be easy to repair, there may be times when looking for the leak can be too difficult.
- Only professionals who have enough experience in working with flat or rubber roofs should have these installed as they may be a bit too costly and difficult to find. Since rubber was only in use for the past four decades, there are not enough roofers who are well-experienced to to the job correctly. Because of this, those who know a lot often charge more compared to traditional roofers.
BUR (Built-Up Roofing)
BUR or Built-up roofing is among the oldest material options for flat roofs or any roof that has a pitch which is very low. Roofing in several different layers are constructed with BUR systems and impregnated with hot applied asphalt. Applied in layers that overlap is the felt that is capable of forming a barrier that can be thick by a couple or four layers. Afterwards, a layer of stone that is finely crushed gets embedded in the hot tar over the at the top for the creation of a roof that is impenetrable and highly durable.
Pros of BUR (Built-Up Roofing)
- Lengthened span of life – This roofing material can last for an impressively long time and you can have it maintained for a decade or more without any issues
- Resistant to Damage – Since BUR came from various highly-resilient materials, they are also highly durable and capable or resisting any damage from impact or weather.
- Ultraviolet Protection – You can have your home well protected from the harmful UV rays by avoiding the structure to get structurally damaged. This is usually an advantage whenever you eventually sell your home as the soundness of its structure may increase the resale value.
- Wonderful Appearance – Even if the flat roof does not appear very wonderful, this material may have various appearances such as build ups with ballasted asphalt, cold, and asphalt. BUR is capable of meeting any of your needs aesthetically.
- Easy to Repair – Whenever there is a need to have the built-up roofing replaced or repair, you will not experience any problems in patching and removing various areas and layers.
- Minimal Maintenance – Since BUR’s require minimal maintenance, you wouldn’t have to keep on thinking about the roof for a long time.
Cons of BUR (Built-Up Roofing)
Requirements of the Home – Because of their weight, BUR membranes can be very difficult to install as it needs to get strengthened underneath the build-up. Since this is the case, there may be additional difficulties and expenses when it comes to the roof’s total price of installation.
Difficulties in Installation – People who want to consider using BUR often end up choosing a different option because of the installation process. It requires numerous ingredients and a lengthened process of installation. Aside from this, hazardous fumes may get released as it is installed making the process too risky for people’s health.
The clay tile came from earthen clay which are eventually molded into shapes that are interlocked or rolled and are then fired to achieve the sturdiness of the clay tile. Oftentimes, this is left without glaze that has the reddish-orange characteristic hue. It may become fire or glaze to create ceramic roofing tiles. This roofing material is recommended if there is salt air and the climate is hot is the clay tile so it is often seen in deserts and southern coastal areas.
Advantages of Clay Tiles
- Minimal Maintenance – Clay tiles are beneficial because they only need minimal maintenance. The only thing they may need washing is whenever they grow mildew or develop moss.
- Can Last Long – Clay tiles are great because they can last for a long time provided that they are installed and taken care of properly. These can last on the roof for five decades or more.
- Friendly to the Environment – Lots of people choose clay tiles as they come from a natural material and can be friendly to the environment. These may get recycled easily and they don’t require any manufacturing.
- Resistant to Weather and Fire – This roofing material is highly popular because of its resistance to weather and fire. These can minimize the risk of damage by fire to any home and their deterioration in hostile weather may be less likely compared to other materials for roofing.
- Ease in Customization – People want their homes to become unique and stand out from the other buildings nearby. Clay tiles can help in this as they can be available in a variety of colors. Whatever color you want the roof to have, you can definitely apply it on any clay tile.
Disadvantages of Clay Tiles
- Not 100% resistant to wind – Clay tiles have downside that they are only completely resistant to wind. Even if their wind resistance is higher compared to other roofing materials, they can still fall off or move around whenever the wind is high.
- Heavy Weight – People often do not choose clay tiles because they can be too heavy for the roof. Even if they can be so much lighter compared to concrete tiles, they can still add a lot of pressure on the roof. This material is not recommended for weak buildings as you may have to increase the roof’s reinforcements.
- Highly Fragile – Clay tiles may become brittle whenever the temperatures are too law because the continuous thawing and freezing could make them week. It is more likely for brittle tiles to crack whenever they are under pressure. Even if the environment is warm, clay tiles can still easily break as they are very fragile. It may not be suitable for people to walk on them.
Wood Shakes or Shingles
Even if wood shingles and shakes make highly attractive roofs, they have some limitations and can be highly expensive. Aside from that, they may not be a great choice in areas where wildfires often occur and places that have a lot of moisture as they cannot live for a long time in places like these. Despite that, since they are among the roofing materials that are highly attractive, they are still a popular choice for any luxury home.
Advantages of Wood Shakes or Shingles
- Minimal Cost – The cost of wood shakes range from $250 to $600 for every roofing square which is the middle-range price for roofing materials. Wood shakes is the recommended option whenever you want an affordable roof with a wonderful aesthetic.
- Naturally Aesthetic Appeal – Since wood appears great, your home can have a warm and welcoming appeal. Aside from that, the shingles naturally fade to provide the home with high-character and rustic image. People often choose wood shingles as they often complement the natural materials and usually look good whatever material the exterior of the home is made of.
Disadvantages of Wood Shakes or Shingles
- Vulnerability to Mold, Fire, and Pests – Wood shakes can be vulnerable to any damage that mold and pests may cause. Since mold and pests can infiltrate the roof, it may decrease the material’s lifespan. Aside from this, they are not fireproof so it may end up as a liability for the house. You might even have to pay a higher price for home insurance because it can be more hazardous compared to other options.
- Highly Vulnerable to Leakage – Whenever shakes are cracked, it will be more likely for them to create leaks compared to other materials in roofing. Since shakes may deteriorate and crack over time, the leaks may start popping up quickly. This may become a serious problem if the roof is not taken care of immediately. The roof needs to get inspected annually especially when the shingles are near the end of their lifespan.
- Quick Discoloration – Even if some people don’t mind the colors of wood shakes fade, others do not find the grey-brown hue very appealing. Whenever you install wood shakes, make sure to be wary as the color may change in time. Because of this, you need to plan in advance and review the look of your home in the next decade or less.
Even if the installation of slate roofs can be really expensive, they may last for a long time. This is the finest roofing material for any homeowner. Slate roofs are capable of lasting for hundreds of years and can still function even if they are this old. Real slate roofing is composed of real stone in thin sheets. Since slate tends to cleave off in sheets that are thin, it can be easy to have them quarried. Because of this, they are an ideal roofing material. However, the installation of slate requires highly specialized skill and it can be hard to look for qualified individuals to install them.
Advantages of Slate Shingles
- When it comes to slate roofs, their most significant advantage is appearance. Since slate roofs are composed of natural stone, their surface is naturally cleft with a wonderful color variation that may range over the whole roof. Moreover, this type of roof can be very durable as it can outlast the building where they are installed. Having it installed and well taken care of may allow it to last for fifteen decades or more.
- Aside from its beauty and durability, slate roofs are also friendly to the environment and waterproof. Since it is composed of natural stone, its tiles cannot give off pollution such as VOCs as they undergo manufacturing. These may also get recycled after they outlast the building where they are installed. Slate roofs can also get recycled when they last longer than they building where they are installed. This type of roof can also provide assistance in the home’s insulation and minimize the cost of energy that the house may use.
Disadvantages of Slate Shingles
- Weight is slate roof’s most significant drawback. Since these can be really heavy, the roof deck needs reinforcement to hold the weight. Since slate roofs have a weight of an average of 1150 pounds, the home will need to undergo a survey to determine if it is capable of supporting the weight before installation.
- Slate roof’s most significant disadvantage is the installation cost. The price for installation may cost around $3,500 for every square. Aside from this, multiple squares are required to cover the roof completely. Moreover, there are not a lot of roofers who are well experienced with slate roof tiles so it may be hard to look for a reliable installer who is capable of doing the work well. Since it could be difficult to gauge the slate tiles, they may have varied thicknesses and may shed layers as they undergo installation. Roofing contractors that are inexperienced may attempt to have the slate tiles installed similarly to asphalt which may end up creating problems.
- Even if the slate roof can last for a long time, it may easily get damaged whenever the contractor needs to step and walk on it especially if they are unaware of what they need to do. Aside from this, whenever you break or lose them, they may be hard to look for matching replacements. As a natural stone, the variation in color may be extreme and numerous that they may be difficult to match.
Metal Shakes or Shingles
Homeowners that are not fond of the appearance of standing seam metal roofs but are interested in metal and its advantages may use the available aluminum shakes or shingles. These are created from high-quality metal that is stamped and finished with either mineral granules or baked-on coating. People can have metal shingles fabricated to appear similar to the clay or slate tiles, traditional asphalt shingles, and wooden shakes. These are recommended whenever people consider appearance as an important concern.
Metal Roofing with a Standing Seam
As of the moment, metal roofs with a standing seam are so popular partly because they are amazingly fire-proofed. The standing seam roof is among the most common types of metal roofs. It was able to get the name due to the roofing panels of steel and aluminum that get together in raised seams. These are then interlocked in order for the moisture to be kept out. Every type of metal roof is highly popular in places that often experience heavy snowfall or in areas that have a high possibility of the dangerous wildfires as this roofing material is very strong and fireproof.
Metal Roof Advantages
- Portable and Lightweight – It only weighs 1/4 of the tile roof’s weight and around half of the asphalt shingles’ weight.
- Minimal Maintenance – Lots of roofing products in metal need minimal or no maintenance.
- Durable – Metal roofs can be well-resistant to wind and hail damage as well as fire. It can also last three times longer than the asphalt shingle roof’s lifespan.
- Style – Metal roofs can come in a wide array of hues so much ore than any other kind of roofing material. They are also available in a wide variety of textures, styles, and colors and can effectively enhance the home’s appeal. Copper roofs can be really attractive as it can change its color and add beauty and character to the home.
- Efficiency in Energy – This type of rood is highly energy efficient as it reflects a big percentage of the rays of the sun which may depend on the coat that is applied to the metal. Aside from that, metal homes can save around 25% of the costs in air conditioning.
Metal Roof Disadvantages
- Noise – It is highly possible for metal roofs to be costlier compared to other alternatives
- Snow – Because of accumulated snow sliding of the metal roofs, it may cause injury and damage to the property and people under it. Snow guards need to get installed properly so that snow will not slide.
- Price – Generally, the price for a metal roof is often higher compared to other options in roofing. However, because of the rise in the price of oil, the difference in the cost between asphalt and metal roofing may narrow down as it is a primary ingredient of asphalt shingles.
The eco-friendly roof is the roof covered in grass that has been in use for centuries. Planning for it properly will allow living plant materials like moss to provide a great roofing material that will allow you to give back to the earth. This will let oxygen to get back to the air, allow you to be able to grow plants, helps in the absorption of rainwater, and provides the house with a thermal insulation.
Advantages of the Eco-Friendly Roof
- Capable of making improvements in the home’s drainage system
- It requires sustainable drainage to avoid flooding whenever a rainfall occurs. Traditionally, weather may get controlled whenever there are a network of pipes that are connected to the system for sewage. However, because of the increase in the development of urbanized regions, approximately 75% of the water ends up in the urban areas.
- Green roofs are a great option in countering global warming. Water may get stored in the substrate and plants and then naturally released back into the environment.
- The roof’s lifespan may increase as the barrier made of greenery can effectively protect the roof and allow it to sufficiently deal with the rain, wind, fluctuating temperatures, and ultraviolet light to increase the life expectancy of the roof for decades.
- Boost in Thermal Performance – The most beneficial advantage of green roofs is the increase in thermal performance that could lead to better insulation during winter and cooler roofs whenever the weather is hot during summer. This can help limit the use of air conditioning and increase the efficiency of energy.
- Less carbon dioxide release – As carbon dioxide is among the key factors that contribute to global warming, green roofs can easily deal with it. That is because almost half of the CO2 emissions come from buildings. Green roofs minimize the need for any air conditioning heat generation that can lead to the creation of CO2.
- Improvement in the Quality of Air – Since air pollution is a great problem in urban areas, having a green roof can help in the improvement of air quality. It can minimize dust particles, nitrous acid, and sulfur dioxide
- Support the habitats of wildlife – Green roofs are great in supporting wildlife as these create healthy habitats. Even if they can’t replace the environment, they can be great in the creation of an eco-friendly habitat that is great for the attraction of wildlife such as birds.
Disadvantages of the Eco-Friendly Roof
- Bigger expense compared to traditional roofs – It is unfortunate that green roofs can be more expensive compared to the traditional ones because of the added support needed to handle the increase in the load.
- Weight load increase – Since green roofs can be heavier, they require additional structural support for implementation. Adding a green roof may increase the weight of the existing rooftop by 50 to 200 kilograms for every square meter. Specific rooftops that may get retrofitted to cope with the load increase
- Additional maintenance required – The full extent of the needed maintenance of the green roof is needed to make sure that it thrives. It needs to get treated as a garden that requires weeding, feeding, and watering. You may do this on your own or hire someone to do it for you. Either way, it would be best to stay on top of things.
Rubber Synthetic Slate Tile
The rubber synthetic slate tile is constructed from polymers that are engineered and combined with recycled rubber and plastic. Because synthetic slate is also lightweight, this is a wonderful option for homes that are not capable of supporting the heavy weight of the natural slate.
Synthetic Slate Roofing and Its Advantages
- Affordability – A lot of people choose synthetic slate roofing because it only costs a fraction of the price of the real slate roof. That is because plastic and vinyl are building materials that are generally inexpensive. The natural material slate is expensive and can be difficult to work on which is why the traditional slate roof’s installation costs are high.
- Easy to Maintain – It can be very easy to have synthetic slate roofing cleaned. All you need to clean it after it gets installed is a mi of warm water and detergent. You can have it sprayed with the use of a washer that operates in low pressure. Aside from this, since it is made of plastic, synthetic slate roofs are immune to rot and rust which could eventually lessen the costs in the long term.
- Easy to Install – Since synthetic slate is very lightweight, it can be easy for anyone to work with it. People can move it easily in large quantities and have them installed on the roof quickly. Because of this, the overall cost in installation is minimized.
- Wonderful Aesthetic Appeal – Just like the name, synthetic slate appears almost indistinguishable from a real slate roof from a distance. It can provide any home with the slate roof’s luxurious appeal.
Synthetic Slate Roofing and Its Disadvantages
- Not Durable Enough – When it comes to physical strength, synthetic slate is not as strong as the actual slate. Because of this, it is highly likely for synthetic slate roofs to get damaged due to any violent storm or the common wear and tear over time. Since it is not durable enough, it may lead to an increase in repairs and leaks which may eventually be expensive.
- Shorter Lifespan – Since it is not durable, roofing made of synthetic slate has a shorter lifespan compared to the real slate roofs. Since holes and leaks can develop quite fast and it can get damaged easily, you may need to have the synthetic slate roof replaced after several years.
An alternative to the clay tiles is the concrete tile which has the same advantages and installation techniques. Molded from the standard concrete with sand-mix are concrete tiles which are colored to whatever desired hue. Since this roofing material is very heavy, it is great for places that often experience high-wind.
Pros of Concrete Tiles
- Relatively friendly to the environment – Concrete is made out of materials that occur naturally. Even if it isn’t bio-degradable, it is still friendly to the environment because it has components that do not require factory production that can damage the environment.
- Can last for a long time – When concrete tiles are preserved and set up well, they are capable of lasting for more than five decades.
- High in Versatility – Because of the versatility of concrete tiles, they can be available in a wide variety of colors and shapes. Lots of property owners use concrete tiles so their roofs will have highly appealing patterns in different colors. Aside from this, people can make concrete tiles that appear similar to other materials such as shingle, slate, and wood.
- Resistant to Fire – Since concrete tiles are resistant to fire, these can minimize the damage that any fire can cause to a home.
- Minimal Maintenance – It can be difficult and really tough to damage concrete so it may be unlikely to need any repairs and require minimal maintenance. Generally, the only maintenance that concrete tiles need is cleaning for the elimination of mildew and moss.
Cons of Concrete Tiles
- Heavy Weight – Since concrete tiles can be really heavy, you will have to make sure that the roofing system is stable and strong enough to provide the needed support. Oftentimes, roofing systems need reinforcement before the laying down of the concrete tiles.
- Easy to Break – Even if it may appear challenging and difficult to damage concrete tiles, they can break whenever heavy branches or hail fall on them. These can also break whenever they fall off the roof or people stand on them.
- Prone to Damage from Weather – Concrete tiles can be prone to weathering even if they appear very hard. Large amounts of rainfall can impact them. Aside from that, since concrete tiles absorb water, these may eventually grow stains, moss, and mildew.
- Minimally Resistant to Wind – Even if concrete tiles may be highly resistant to wind compared to other products in roofing, they may still get removed whenever the winds are high.
At Ebenezer Roofing we know the importance of feeling safe. We want to help you define the roof type or roofing service you need and to adapt it to your custom requirements while providing the quality service that characterizes us.
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